Affordable Housing, Community Development, Reports and Publications

NHC Finds Trends in Inclusionary Zoning Programs

National Housing Conference

A new report from the National Housing Conference’s (NHC)  explores trends in inclusionary zoning programs, which use local land regulations to mandate or incentivize the development of affordable housing in communities.

The authors, Brian Stromberg and Lisa Sturtevant, found that: 

  • Over three-quarters of the inclusionary zoning programs they found are located in California, New Jersey, and Massachusetts. 
  • Most of the inclusionary zoning programs they studied require that developers include affordable units, but they also offer financial assistance. 
  • Inclusionary zoning programs rarely target very low income (VLI) or extremely low income (ELI) households (i.e., households that earn 50% and 30% of the Area Median Income or less, respectively).
  • Communities with relatively high home ownership rates are more likely to resist inclusionary housing programs.
  • Communities with a relatively higher number of Democratic residents are more likely to resist inclusionary housing programs.

In order to expand the prevalence and effectiveness of inclusionary zoning Stromberg and Sturtevant suggest lobbying at the state level, educating residents about the benefits of having access to a diverse array of housing in a neighborhood, and dispelling myths about the negative impact of affordable housing.

Click here to view the full report. 


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